Sunday, February 17, 2013

The Juzan's Part 3 The Choctaw Connection

Most genealogists are old enough to have seen the movie "Gone With the Wind". Think of the picnic at Twelve Oaks, and go back another 100 years or so, and you will have the plantation community north of Mobile. Largely made up of French colonists, the area had a small group of families. The familial relationships are often prevalent and researched for those that remained in the area, but there are a few brave, rash, industious french men who were involved in the indian trade. Among those names are the Lefleau (Leflore), Favre and Juzan family. The Kreb family, connected with the Lefleau comes into the picture a bit later.

As previously stated, Charles Juzan was born in the mid-late 1760's, the illegitimate son of Pierre Gabriel Juzan, II and most likely, Henriette De St. Aignet, the widow De Livoy. His contemparies were Jean Louis Lefleau (Leflore), Jean Michal Lefleau (Leflore), and Simon Favre, all who ventured among the Choctaw. He also most likely knew and interacted with the other families in the area, the Rochon, Trouillet, Boudin, and Krebs families. In later years, when the Choctaws met for council, I am sure these Frenchmen had something to talk about.

Charles Juzan, by his own letter, first settled among the Choctaw about 1789. His father was the Spanish Indian agent, and I suspect encouraged his son to develop trade relationships with the Choctaw. He probably also encouraged Charles to marry within the nation. Marriages such as these were mutually beneficial, and generally occurred between a Mingo, or Chief, and his sister, niece, or daughter. It is difficult to tell if a daughter, such as Mary Ann, the wife of Simon Favre, and the daughter of Franchimastubbe per testimony of John Jones, Sr., was the actual daughter or his niece, because among the Choctaw, a niece was the daughter of the Uncle in their language.

Charles ran several successful trading houses. According to Halbert, he had more than the two we know of that were located at Chunky and Koonsha. Now, Halbert most often refers to Charles as Pierre in the facts he writes about, and in one case, has a brother Pierre and Charles in his notes. I think however, based on all the documentation we have, that Halbert did have that in error. Pierre Charles Juzan is the only Juzan found in any Choctaw records with the exception of his children.

The Choctaws didn't have calendars, but I know after years of research, that it was typical for a Choctaw woman to marry sometime between the age of 18-20, and Choctaw men, sometimes remained unmarried until in their mid to late 30's. Charles married his first wife, a niece of the Choctaw Chief Pushmataha sometime around 1792. This wife's name is Margaret, or Peggy. We had thought, based on all the information we had that Peggy was a full blood, but a recent find of a newspaper article from 1870, in which her daughter Eliza discusses her family, she states Peggy is a half breed.

We estimate that their first child was born 1793. Unlike Louis Leflore, Charles did not baptize any of his children. It is unclear which of the daughters, Mary or Delilah is older. They both were married and had several children by 1830. It is suspected that the children were born about 2 years apart at least, as native american women in that time generally did not have a child until their current infant was weaned. Thanks to a descendant, we have  picture of the portrait of Mary Juzan Leflore, the wife of Benjamin Leflore.

Like the marriage of Charles to Peggy, I am sure the chosen wives of the daughter's of Charles Juzan had a purpose. Mary was married to Benjamin Leflore. About the time of her marriage, Benjamin's great Uncle, Robert Cole was the right hand man of Apuckshunnubbe, Pushmataha's fellow district Chief, and eventually Chief of his district. (1825-1828). At the time of this marriage, very few mixed bloods had positions of authority, predominately it is believed, because some of the Chiefs distrusted the mixed bloods to do what was best for the nation.

Delilah was married to Jesse Brashears. Jesse was the son of Zadoc Brashears and Susanna Vaughn. I am not sure what connections the Vaughn's had to the prevalent Choctaw elite at that time, but there is enough evidence to make me think that they had a strong connection. Lucy was married sometime in the mid 1820's to Wesley Brashears Trahern, the son of Wesley Trahern and Delilah Brashears, and a nephew to Delilah's husband. Just before the treaty, Rebecca Juzan was married to John Bond, a business man from Maine. Eliza Ann, the youngest child of Charles Juzan, was probably 16 or 17 at the time of the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek and unmarried. When Jesse Brashears died, Delilah was married to David Wall, a mixed blood descended from the Folsom family and teaching at the missionary school near her father. Lucy married an american Amos W. Geary after the death of her husband, and eventually Eliza Ann married an american named Hugh Flack. Rebecca Juzan's second husband was George Walker, the son of Zadoc Brashears then wife Rachel Durant, and a descendant of the Wind Clan among the Creek nation.

In order of their birth, the daughters of Charles and Peggy were Delilah and Mary, Lucy, Rebecca and then Eliza. His three sons with Peggy were Pierre, William and Jackson. Pierre attended the Choctaw Academy, and was called by Richard Johnson a "young man" in 1829. I suspect he was probably somewhere between 20-25. Though he had relatives who were far more literate, based on samples of their letters, Pierre acted as second hand, and communicator to the government for his Uncle Tappenahoma (successor of Chief Pushmataha) and then Nitakechi. Pierre's wife was per oral history a Chickasaw, but the only document I have about him was that his wife Eliza signed a dower in 1839. Pierre accompanied the Choctaw on all three emigrations, and was Chief of his district I believe from 1840 until his death sometime in 1842. By process of elimination, we have determined that Pierre is the father of Louis Juzan.

William also accompanied the Choctaw on at least two of the emigrations. His wife was a woman named Harriet Brashears, with no known relationship to the Choctaw Brashears. He died sometime around 1834 as his estate is found in Washington County, Alabama and his widow remarries. He had no children. Jackson must have been the youngest, or was, because of his marriage, unable to participate in the emigration to the indian territory. Jackson was married to Mississippi Allen, a descendant of the Colbert's. Jackson and Mississippi had four children, Charles, Alexander, Thomas and Lucy G. Juzan. Jackson and his family resided in the Chickasaw portion of the new indian territory, and his family is listed among the Chickasaw on rolls. Jackson Juzan died in 1866.

It was the relationship with Pierre and William that for years had me believing that Nitakechi was related to Pushmataha. Given his strong ties to the Black Water village though, I no longer believe that Nitakechi was related to Pushmataha through a sister. I can't rule out a brother, but I am unsure that there is a connection at all.

Mary Juzan and her husband Benjamin Leflore had a large family in Holmes County, Mississippi. Benjamin died during the Civil War, and Mary not that long after. After the Civil War, some of Mary 's family moved to the Choctaw nation and are among the Dawes enrollees. Those that remained in Mississippi however, were denied citizenship and are found on no official membership of either the Choctaw Nation or the Mississippi Choctaw nation.

Delilah Juzan had 6 children with Jesse Brashears, and one child who died young with David Wall. Delilah and her family came to the Choctaw nation sometime around 1849. I found a diary of a minister that mentions Eliza Ann bringing her "elderly" sister to her home at the close of the Civil War. Based on the death's of the Rebecca and Lucy, and since Mary hadn't left Mississippi, this must be Delilah. There are some children in Delilah's home in 1840 that I can't account for, one of them, we know, is the child of her daughter Letha. The descendants of Delilah and Jesse include the Ainsworth, Bilbo, McKinney, Hodges, and Lanier families of the Choctaw nation.

Rebecca had three children with John Bond, but only the eldest, Thomas J. Bond survived to adulthood. Thomas J. Bond was the first choctaw educated to be a physician. Rebecca also had three children with her second husband, George Walker. All three of these children survived and it is from them that Rebecca has descendants on the Dawes.

Lucy Juzan had four children with Wesley Brashears Trahern and three with Amos Geary. Alive in 1856, Lucy died by 1860 as Amos' new wife, Margaret Hall Geary is listed as a slave owner in the Choctaw nation. None of Lucy's children with Wesley Trahern had descendants by 1890. Lucy's daughter's with Amos, Lucretia and Eliza Ann have children and grandchildren on the Dawes rolls. Eliza Ann had several children who were still born or died as infants, and of her three that made it two adulthood, one a son, was murdered along with his father, another had a daughter who died at age 12, and the last died I think before Eliza Ann, but had four children who are on the Dawes.

Charles also had a second wife with whom it appears he had three daughters. Phoebe, the second wife was about 20 years younger than Peggy. She was still alive in 1844 when the family had dealings with Robert Nail. According to some sources, Phoebe is the daughter of Oklahoma, but when he names his children in 1844, he doesn't name Phoebe but uses only Choctaw names. We know that Pierre referred to her as a friend in a deed. This would appear to mean that Phoebe is not a close relative in Choctaw, or not related to his mother.

Phoebe's family has been harder to trace. We know from a deed, where Oklahoma and his wife give to Phoebe, and the children of Charles Juzan, "for the love we have for Charles and Phoebe", that the girls were Isabelle or Sybil who married Benjamin Walker, a brother to George Walker. By 1844 though, she's Sybil Juzan in records again, and disappears. Another was Ramona who married Ransom McElroy and then ran off with David Wall, her sister's husband. She had a son who died who went by the name of both Jackson Wall and Jackson Juzan. He disappears from records. The last daughter, Narcissa married William Thomas, and may be the mother of two children.


The Juzan Family Part 2

The eldest son of Pierre Gabriel Juzan, II, and his only legitimate child was Pierre Francis Juzan baptized September 1759. He exists in records only in four places. The first is his baptism, the second is his father's mystic will in 1802, the third is in the American State Papers, where a deed to Seth Dean to the land lately owned by his father Pierre/Peter Juzan is listed. The last place you will find Francis Juzan is as a Creek trader who owes debts to Panton and Leslie in 1804 and is trading in the Creek town of Coosada. We have no idea if Francis had a family, but there are two possible family members named on the 1832 Creek Census, Sandy Dusong in Tallissee, who Benjamin Hawkins names a father for that is not Francis, and a William Juzant or Jugant of Otisse. I have not been able to track him further.

The second son of Pierre Gabriel Juzan, II was Daniel Juzan. Mr. Toulmin, a descendant of Daniel, gives a great deal of information on Daniel which can be found here. The descendants of Daniel through his relationship with Justine use the name Jusong and still reside in the greater Mobile area. Daniel was born about 1760 and died in 1825. I have found his name among tax lists of Mobile in the territorial period. Unlike his two brothers, there is no evidence that Daniel ever worked as a trader among the indians.

The third son of Pierre Gabriel Juzan II, was Charles Juzan. Surprisingly, I have run across several Juzan family researchers who have no idea of his existence. It is surprising because like his father, there is more information about him that can be found in records. There is a great deal of confusion on the web, thanks in large part to a plethora of posts by one researcher about the military career of Charles. Most of these posts erroneously name Charles son as a participant in 1813 (he was too young) or his brother, who as I have already stated, is listed as Francis on three of the four available records. (Indicating, like I said in my last post, he went by his second name). There is also a book that claims Charles was a sort of Pirate and had treasure hidden in Juzon Lake. (discussion here). I believe that part of the tale is pure urban legend.

Charles was a trader among the Choctaw for at least 50 years. He died sometime 1838-1839 in what is now Lauderdale County, Alabama. Charles outlived all his siblings. Francis apparently had died by the Creek War, Daniel died in 1825, Marie Josephine in 1836, and Margarite/Margaret about 1815. Charles' wife at the time of his death, Phoebe tried (unsuccessfully) to get his land from the government, given from the treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. Charles had two wives among the Choctaw.  The information that we have at this point does not support that these wives were concurrent, but rather successive. While his first wife, my ancestor and the mother of 8 of Charles' 11 children, Peggy is pretty much clear, the second Phoebe remains shrouded in mystery. Since my family has the strongest connection to Charles Juzan, I will discuss his family more in depth in another blog.

The eldest daughter of Pierre Gabriel Juzan, II is Marie Josephine Juzan.  Marie was born 1766 and died 1836 according to her tombstone.Marie was the second wife of Adam Hollinger, and irishman who lived opposite Nanna Hubbe Bluff north of Mobile. Based on the plat maps, we know that Pierre Juzan's land was near that of Adam Hollinger's. There area a lot of rumors and misrepresentations about Marie Josephine on the internet as well. While we can't prove who her mother is, it is more likely, as I have already discussed, that her mother is the same as Margaret Juzan's, Henriette de St. Aignet, the widow De Livoy (Livoix, Livois). My other connection to the Juzan family lies with the son of Adam and Marie Juzan Hollinger, Adam Cornelius Hollinger who married Teresa Rubine Innerarity. Teresa's mother was Mary Pyburn, a daughter of my ancestor, Jacob Pyburn, I.

Marie Josephine can not be the mother of Mary Dyer, as she is simply not old enough. Mary Dyer was also a mestizo or mixed blood Creek, and Marie was purely French. I suspect the confusion about Mary Dyer and the Hollinger stems from a statement someone has found (I haven't yet) that William Hollinger said he was Mary Dyer's half brother. Among the Creek, half brother can mean cousin, or literally a half brother. It is hard to tell, but since (I don't believe I have found one) William did not claim to be one of Mary Dyer's heirs I doubt that Mary was his mother, though since she was of child bearing age in 1789, and he was 7, it makes the most sense that that could be true.

The youngest daughter, and child of Pierre Gabriel Juzan, II, is Marguerite or Margaret Juzan. She married Jacques Lorriens, a brother of Pelagie Lorriens/Lorrians who became Pierre's second wife. Records for Margaret's estate are found in the New Orleans. I have not worked on this line at all.

The Juzan Family- Part 1

Although I am not a descendant of the Juzan family, the family has ties with my own. I have been in contact with several descendants of Charles, Mary Josephine and Daniel over the last decade. When I first started out, there was (and still is) a lot of rumors about the family. It wasn't until I found this document that some of the pieces actually began to fit together.

Pierre Gabriel Juzan, born March 20, 1736 is the progenitor of the Juzan family within the United States. The only son of Pierre Gabriel Juzan the first, who died in the battle of Ackia on May 26, 1736 and Marie Francoise Trudeau who died March 25, 1736, Pierre Gabriel Juzan the second is seen in most records as Pedro or Peter. We know that Pierre had only two legal wives, Catharine Parant, the mother of his eldest son Pierre Francis Juzan (who is found as Francis in documents), and Pelagrie Lorriens, his widow at his death. Mr. Toulmin gives an excellent account of the life of Pierre in the document linked above, and has provided very useful information. There are a few points that I intend to elaborate on, or even disagree, but that is based on additional information that I have found.

Pierre had four other children all of whom are illegitimate, information obtained from the mystic will of Pierre Juzan. The eldest of these children, Daniel, is the ancestor of Mr. Toulmin. From various documents, he was born most likely towards the end of  1760 (since Pierre's widow died December 1759) to early in 1761. The mother of Daniel can't be Henriette De Livoix because she has a child born with her husband and baptized in Mobile that same year. Though there is no evidence, I don't believe you can rule out Marie Henriette Rochon as the mother of Daniel, but in the same manner, you can't say she's his mother either. She was a neighbor and such relationships while frowned upon, did occur.

No birth records or baptisms exist for the rest of the Juzan children. Though, to be honest, it is possible there are baptisms for the youngest two daughters, and possibly Charles in New Orleans which is where Henriette was from. The British had control over the territory beginning in 1761 and the lack of baptismal records is due in large account for the British restrictions on the religion. Catholicism was still illegal in Britain in 1761, so very few records exist from 1761-1781, and those that do lack the detailed information that was contained under both the French and the Spanish. It is likely that many of the French Catholic families in the area practiced their religion in secret.

Before I speak to the rest of the children, I would like to address the tradition of names among the French Catholics of this period. All children had two names, the first was a Saint name, most often Jean (or John). for boys, but any of the apostles could be used. For girls, the name was most often Marie (or Mary). It is my opinion, given the first three generations that do have baptismal records, that Pierre (or Peter) is the name for the Juzan family. Though we don't have, and likely will never see, a baptismal record for the last four children, it doesn't mean that they didn't continue the practice. Most children went by the second name, but would still sign with their legal full name, or saint name on occasion. Thus, Daniel's full name was most likely Pierre Daniel Juzan, and Charles was Pierre Charles Juzan.

The reason I suspect Charles may have the same mother as Marie Josephine Juzan and Marie Marguerite Juzan is the baptismal records of the children of Marie Josephine. Marie's first child has Pierre and Marguerite Juzan as godparents, and the second lists Charles Juzan and his wife. None of the other children have a family member listed among the Godparents. Pierre, Marie Josephine's father, and Marguerite her sister, and Charles, her brother, I believe are listed because they have a close relationship. I suspect the same may not be true for Francis (his father's only legal heir) and Daniel, who really isn't shown in a lot of records.

We have no real idea when Josephine, Margaret or Charles was born, but we can speculate based on some information. Charles in his letter to the United States in 1829 states he had been among the Choctaw for forty years. Assuming he was 18-20 in 1789, he would be born 1769-1771, possibly as early as 1764. Josephine married Adam Hollinger in 1789, and had been a godmother to several members of the Tensaw/Tombigbee settlement in 1787 and 1788. I suspect she was anywhere from 15-25 at the time of her marriage, or born about 1764-1774, her tombstone gives the date as 1766. Margaret was probably the same so based on her marriage in 1796 we can expect that she was born 1771-1781. The only document we have that names a mother for any of the children is the marriage of Margaret  Juzan that Mr. Toulmin provides information about.

In 1764, Madame De Livoy is named as a french inhabitant that swore an oath of allegience to the British in Mobile. In 1769 a deed in Mobile names the house owned by Pedro Juzan and Henriette De Livoy. This definitely puts the couple together at least by 1769. Though among the French a woman was entitled to her own property, it is possible that Henriette would have to forfeit some of her wealth if she remarried. This may explain why Pierre and Henriette never married. Baptismal records for Henriette's children with Lt. Herceuax (?sp) De Livoy show three children, baptised in 1758, 1760 and 1763 in Mobile.

The children of Henriette and her husband were Pierre Jacque De Livoy baptised July 17, 1758, Marie Henriette De Livoy baptised March 1, 1760, and Louise Elizabeth Armanthe De Livoy baptised March 1, 1760. I found a spanish letter in Kinnard that mentions in 1778 a De Livois who had visited the Choctaw, and a Joseph, son of the late Captain mentioned as fighting in the American Revolution in two places. The Aunt mentioned can be traced back to Henriette's sister. Since Pierre Juzan was the War General of the Tombigbee and indian agent in 1778, I believe this supports the relationship of the two.

Henriette's full name was Henriette de St. Aignet, and though I can't prove it, I do believe that she is the mother of Pierre Gabriel Juzan, II's three youngest children, Josephine, Charles and Margaret, and that both Daniel and Francis have different mothers.

Next post I will discuss the children of Pierre.

Wednesday, February 13, 2013

Tensaw, the Pyburn's and the Creek Indians

I have been known to be far too harsh on people who claim to be my families relatives among the Choctaw with only word of mouth and oral history as a basis. I do however, believe there is something to the rumor that the Pyburn family had a mixed blood Creek ancestress. My previous posts on the Tensaw clearly show the family lived in the settlement from 1785-1812, and there are three big questions that pertain to the family that I still can't answer after a decade of research.

We have oral history, and had believed that the native american (or indian princess as my great great grandma told it) was Mary Jane Chitty, the wife of Benjamin Jacob Pyburn. I have been in contact with Chitty researchers, and it is believed that some of the family did try to apply as Eastern Cherokee. If so, the native american on the Chitty side could come from only her mother, Mary Jane, who most believe was a Brown. I tend to think the Brown's in her home in 1850 are her sons. The fact that Mary Jane, who grew up near the border of Conecuh and Monroe, married Benjamin Jacob Pyburn is a mystery. How on earth did they meet? The family by all accounts was never a wealthy one. Add to that the fact that in 1854, I believe that's the year, Florida passed a law that anyone found to be native american living in Florida would be shipped off to the territory, we now know as Oklahoma.

Suddenly, Benjamin and his family move to Conecuh County, Alabama, just northeast of Evergreen. Benjamin's brother, A. William (most of us believe this is not Archibald, but have no idea what the A. stands for) had married Diana Snowden, the daughter of Thomas J. Snowden and Tabitha Dees. An Eastern Creek application names Diana as the Aunt, and lists the Dees family as being part Creek. This may explain why from 1860-1910 Diana never shows up on any legal paperwork, though burials in the Coon Hill Cemetery, in Santa Rosa county show the family had remained as residents. Santa Rosa has known missing pages in 1870, and from what I have pieced together, (I have missing folks 1860-1880), most of these lie east of Coonhill toward Munson and below I think it's Hwy 4 that runs to Jay, Florida.

I began to  strongly to suspect that it wasn't just these ladies who may be indian but the Pyburn's themselves. The description of Benjamin Jacob Pyburn certainly does support this, he is short, with black hair and eyes and dark skin in his civil war paperwork. That alone I know, does not mean they are indian, but when we trace the family back we have strong evidence that the possibility is reasonable. Jacob Pyburn, the 3rd of that name in our tree, married Diadema Stapleton in 1819 in Baldwin County, Alabama. Newspaper articles, earlier that year lists both Jacob, and his Uncle, Antoine Collins as residents of Pensacola who recently arrived at Mobile and describe the American ships in the Bay. For those of you who don't know, Andrew Jackson was taking Mobile from the Spanish at the time. Antoine Collins actually is listed among Andrew Jackson's papers as an agent for him, his wife was Mary Pyburn, Jacob's Aunt.

When the massacre at Fort Mims occurred, Jacob the 3rd was about 13 years old, and about 4 months later, he along with Archibald Rials enlisted in the Mississippi Volunteer unit. I have no idea why he shows up after 1813, and his father and grandmother do not, but we know that in 1810 his grandmother, listed as Frances Steel (or is it Fanny) has one male over 21 (Jacob the 2nd) and one under 21 (Jacob the 3rd) in her home in Baldwin County. In 1808 Frances had sold her land to Lorenzo Dow (though I have found references that the family tried to make a claim at a later date as her heirs). Jacob Pyburn the 2nd witnessed the will of Joseph Stiggins in 1812, and is a juror in 1810 and 1812, so he didn't leave either. When we look back even further, we see that in 1797, Jacob Pyburn age 20 is listed with a wife age 18 in the Tombigbee census. The couple does not have any children when it was taken in January, so Jacob must have been born later that year.

Who the mother of Jacob is is a very good question. She would be born about 1783. I believe she was a mixed blood Creek, but all I can prove at this point is which of the neighborhood's families she does not belong to. I know she is not a Mims, Linder, Johnston, Powell, Dyer or Stiggins. At least the evidence suggests that. I know that all but William Powell, and I would have to check that, were close neighbors of the Pyburn's (within 4-7 miles). Other close neighbors are Cornelius McCurtain, who has no legal heirs (I still think he had a Choctaw son, but that's another blog), Richard Coleman, the Weekly family, the Randon's and Josiah Fletcher. However among all of these families, only Mims, Linder, Johnston, and Weekly had children that early. So was she a mestizo, and if so, how does she relate? I still can't answer that question.

I am relatively sure that Mary Pyburn Collins kept in touch with her neighbors, because her daughter goes on to marry Adam Cornelius Hollinger. This marriage, I believe occurred in Pensacola, but it is interesting to note  that Jacob and his wife were living in Baldwin at that time.

 Another bothersome question is who is Jeptha (or maybe Joshua) Turvin, who married Phoebe, or Parobi Pyburn. A distant cousin found (and I have not seen) paperwork that says Phoebe and her brother Santiago (James) had cattle on this land above Pensacola in 1818. He also said he found references to land owned by Benjamin Pyburn, who we know was baptized at Tensaw in 1788. Since the 1820 census only shows Mary (also baptized with Benjamin) her husband and children (two of whom are rumored to be the children of James Innearity) and Phoebe (listed as age 40 and a widow), it appears that James and Benjamin have died by then.

There is strong reason to believe that Richard Turvin, and his son Elijah found in Santa Rosa (near Jacob by the way) are the descendants of Phoebe, but there is not proof. There is also a strong reason to believe that this is the Richard who was named as a friendly Creek. The problem is if Phoebe is born in 1780, it kind of pushes the envelope that she is the mother of Richard who was born about 1793. This question remains, and though I am interested, I have not looked for any other proof in the last few years. Phoebe of course, can be older, as if I recall, Mary is younger than her birthdate on her baptism in most of the censuses.

The last question, is who was the father of Isabelle, the daughter born to Frances Pyburn in 1788, and did she grow to adulthood. There is an Isabelle Greenwood with a John who was godparent to Jaime, the son of Mary Pyburn. Although he has a daughter by that name she was only 11, so did he marry Isabelle? His first wife, of English origin, likely had died by then.

I know from plat maps and testimonies who Frances' neighbors were. I have long suspected that someone was a relative, because she had a total of 6 children that we know of and was widowed between 1786 and 1787. I can't imagine the hardships she faced. I know her maiden name from her marriage record in 1798 to William Steel in the Archdiocese of Mobile. I know the Mullis family comes from North Carolina and Bedford County, Virginia, but can't connect her to anyone. The closest I have to a clue is that John Lawrence took the oath the same day as Jacob Pyburn the 1st in December 1784, and that John was known to have run with a James Pyburn in Georgia. While I know all the Pyburn's are related in 1780's, and that they come from two brothers, John and Richard, none of us can connect the sons of John and Richard to those we find in 1790. James in Georgia is likely a relative to Jacob, who came from Bedford area I believe (or Tennessee as the records for Virginia actually have folks who are in Tennessee at that time).

Questions, that's what always happens. You find the answer to one, but end up with two more. That's just the way it goes.

Tensaw Settlement Part 4 1800-1816

Washington, Clarke and Baldwin County Land Records
Tensaw Settlement

Land Ownership prior to 1810, most of these are original land from 1805, taken from Plat maps. These were done later so heirs are often listed

Township 1N Range 1E (Mobile River, Tensaw Lake joining, and then Tensaw River)
Joshua Kennedy as representative of J.B. Laurendine
Part of Reuben Dyer's
Marian Dupont
Joshua Kennedy as representative of J.B. Alexander
William Mitchell

Township 2n Range 1E (Junction of Tombigbee and Alabama, Mobile River)
James Caller
Augustine Rochon
Seth Dean
John Haines
Sterling Dupree
Joseph Bates
Nat. Christmas
Benjamin Few
Howell Dupree
Edward Garland
Narcissa Broutin
Edward Smith
Heirs of Godfrey Helveson (Rachel, widow)
Nicholas Weeks
Joseph Campbell
Richard Barrow
Harry Toulmin
Simpson Whaley
Adam Scott
Wilson Carmon
James Caller

Township 3N Range 1E (Tombigbee and Cutoff, western part)
James Powell
John Johnson
Ann Lawrence (Widow of John Lawrence)
Cornelius Rain
Bridget Burke
Heirs of Mathew Bilbo (Bilbo Island)
Seth Dean
Thomas Bates
Adam Hollinger
Thomas Carson
James Caller

Township 4N Range 1E (Tombigbee and Three Rivers Lake)
John Brewer
Sanders Rea
P. Lewis
Wiley Barker
Ephraim Barker
Heirs of John Copeland
Tom Sullivan Sen
Geo. Dickey
Figures Lewis
John Hinson for heirs of Owen Sullivan (Sullivan's Island, now Ginhouse Island)
Daniel Johnston
Thomas Basset
John Johnston
Jas. Powell

Township 1N Range 2E (Tensaw River and Tensaw Lake)
Jos. Stiggins
Heirs of John Weakley
Richard Coleman
Rep of Simon Weeks
Heirs of Frances Steele
Heirs of Michael Milton
Reuben Dyer
James Cochran
Francis Gerard (Guirard)
Legal representative of Louis Boudin
Catherine Edenfield
Mary Bennet
Conflicting claims overlap next two
Joshua Kennedy representative of heirs of Cornelius McCurtain
Richard Farmer

Township 2N range 2E (Alabama River and Tensaw Lake (actually river)
James Carpenter
N. Broutin (part of)
Wm. McDaniel
William Buford

Township 3N range 2E (Alabama River and eastern part Cutoff)
Josiah Fletcher
Representatives of Samuel Mims
Representatives of Joseph Thompson
Wm and John Pierce
John Randon
Cornelius Dunn
Abraham Walker
William Clarke
George Weekly
Moses Steadham
B. Hoover

Township 1S range 1E (Mobile River)
William E. Kennedy (Note think he's an heir of Jeptha)
Joshua Kennedy
Louis Chastang
James Innerarity
Louis Troillet
Hillarie Dubroca
Maximillian Dubroca

Township 2S range 1E (Mobile River)
Maximillian Dubroca
John Forbes Sr
William E. Kennedy
Theophilus Powell 
Representatives of William Simpson
Samuel Acre
Benjamin Dubroca

Township 1S range 2E (Tensaw River)
Gerald Byrne
Mary Bennet
Joshua Kennedy Representative for heirs Cornelius McCurtain
Samuel Kitchen
Joshua Kennedy
Heirs of R. Kilchrist (Kilcrease)
Ann Kilchrist
J and B Griffin
Aaron Barlow and wife

Township 2S range 2E (Tensaw River)
Joshua Kennedy
Heirs of Robert Wellington
J.L. Seabury
William Mills
Charles Hall
Thomas Byrne
Heirs of V. Dubroca

Mississippi Territory Washington County
Note: year of taxes is often different than year done
taken from original images from and in three cases from transcriptions already done of these images at

Capt Mills September 1802 (all residents listed as living in Tensaw Settlement)
David Allen
James Bready (Brother in law of Samuel Mims)
Richard Coleman
William Cannon
Reuben Dyer
Josiah Fletcher
Benjamin Hoven
Thomas Kirk
John Mills
Michael Milton
David Mims
Wm Mcdonald
Andrew Mcneely
Samuel Mims
James Mills
James Proctor
Arthur Patton
William Reeves
John Randon
William Shields
Fanny Steele
Joseph Stiggins
Richard Turvin
David Tate
Joseph Thompson
Wiseman Walker
George Weekly
William Weekly
William Webber
John Weekly
Abraham Walker

1803 Capt Mills District
James Brady
Richard Coleman
Reuben Dyer
Cornelius Dunn
Josiah Fletcher
Lemuel Henry (Powell's in 1802)
Benjamin Havin
Samuel Mims
Michael Milton
Roger Qualls
John Randon
Joseph Stiggans
William Shelds
Moses Stedham
Joseph Thompson
Richard Turvin
William Webber
John Weekly
George Weekly
Simeon Willks

1804 tax list, done Feb 2, 1805
Capt Weekley District
William Buford
Whiters Brunson
Richard Coleman
jacob Carpenter
Cornelius Dunn
Reuben Dyer
Josiah Fletcher on Alabama
Benjamin Hoven
Phillip James
The estate of Frances Killingsworth
the estate of Michael Milton other records show wife is Mary
William McDonald
Samuel Mims
Robert McConnel
James Mills
John Mills
Stephen McDonald
William and John Pierce (had store)
Jeremiah Phillips
John Randon
Frances Steele
Moses Stedham
Henry B Slade
Joseph Thompson Nanahubba Island
Richard Turvin
George Weekley
William Weekley
John Weekley Tensaw

1805 tax list
only Tensaw and Nanahubba Island folks taken
William and John Pierce for themselves Nanna Hubba Island
Joseph Thompson for himself nanahubba Island and Alabama
Nathaniel Christmas for himself Nanahubba Island and Tombigbee (Capt Powell's 1802)
Jeremiah Phillips for himself Nanahubba Island
Joseph Bates Sr. for himself Nanahubba Island (James Powell's co in 1802)
Reuben Dyer for himself Tensaw River
Reuben Dyer for Frances Steele Tensaw Lake
Joseph Stiggins Tensaw Lake
Joseph Stiggins for Mary Milton Tensaw Lake
Richard Coleman for himself Tensaw Lake
Samuel Mims for himself Nanahubba Island
Adam Hollinger for himself Nanahubba Island and Tombigbee
Cornelius Dunn for himself Nanahubba Island
John Randon for himself Nanahubba Island
William Buford for himself Tensaw Lake
George Weekly for himself Nanahubba Island and Tensaw Lake
Augustin Rochon for himself on Tensaw and Mobile River junction
Lewis Collins for himself on Tensaw Lake

*note everyone else from earlier list is listed as living on Alabama

1807 list done in 1808 does not list where people lived and does not seperate folks
  • Reuben Dyer not on here, but William Dyer listed. Mary Dyer not listed
1808 tax list done July 1, 1809
all alphabetical lists location, again only picking Tensaw and Nanahubba folks
William Buford Tensaw Lake
John Buford Tensaw lake
William H. Buford Tensaw Lake
James Caller Nanahubba and Tombigbee
Mary Dyer Tensaw Lake and River
John Randon Alabama and Tensaw Rivers
James Reeves Alabama and Tensaw Rivers
William Reeves Alabama and Tensaw Rivers
John Rhodes Alabama and tensaw River
James Donnelly Tensaw Lake and River
James Depriest Tensaw Lake and River
John Dunn Tensaw Lake and River
George Weekly Tensaw Lake
William Webber Tensaw
Jesse Womack Sr. Tensaw

Non Residents Lorenzo Dow Tensaw Lake purchased Frances Steele's property

1810 Baldwin County Tax List
Only Tensaw Settlement and Nanahubba taken (Tensaw if not stated)
William Buford
Mary Dyer
Joseph P. Kennedy
Thomas G. Holmes
Lorenzo Dow (has agent Lemuel Henry)
Jacob Pyburn poll tax
James? Phillips Nanahubba
William Plumley ? Plummer Nanahubba
Andrew Melton
William Milton
Robert McEwen
James H. McEwen
William Mitchell
Samuel Mims listed as cutoff not Tensaw or Nanahubba
Joseph Stiggins
John Randon Alabama and Tensaw
James Reeves Alabama and Tensaw
Moses Stedham Nanahubba
William Sims
John Sutton
Charles Smith
George Weekley

Cut off Folks
Samuel Mims
George Weekly
Buford Weekly
Sarah Weekly
Joseph Weekly
Joseph Thompson
Samuel Mims as agent for Robert McConnel
Patrick Mahony
Mary Hollinger

Sullivan island (Note Sullivan Island is north east from what I can find, and far from Baldwin)
Joseph P. Kennedy

nothing listed
Cyrus Sibley
Jacob Pyburn
William Patton
James Pollard

Lemuel Henry
James Carpenter has agent Lemuel Henry
William and John Pierce
John Mills

Not listed location
Thomas Adcock

1810 Census Baldwin County from trackingyourroots

ADCOCK, Thomas - 2,2,2,1
ANDRY, Simon - 1,0,0,0 & 9 free persons of color & 18 slaves
ARMSTRONG, John - 1,1,1,2 & 18 slaves
BALDWIN, Benjamin - 1,0,0,0 & 1 slave
BALDWIN, Mordecai - 2,0,2,0 & 2 slaves
BALDWIN, William - 1,0,0,0
BARRON, Richard - 2,1,1,1 & 1 slave
BATES, Joseph Jr. - 2,4,2,0 & 3 slaves
BATES, Joseph Sr. - 3,0,2,5 & 1 free person of color & 14 slaves
BATES, Thomas Sr. - 3,2,2,6 & 11 slaves
BATES, William - 1,0,0,0 & 2 slaves
BOOTH, Gilliam - 1,0,0,0
BRIGHTWELL, Theodore - 2,0,0,0
BRYARS, Lazarus Jr. - j1,4,1,0 & 3 slaves
BUFORD, John - 1,1,1,0
BUFORD, William - 2,4,1,3 & 6 slaves
CARMAN, Wilson - 2,1,1,1 & 14 slaves
CARPENTER, Joseph - 2,0,0,0
CARSON, Jane - 3,3,2,1 & 12 slaves
CARSON, Joseph Jr. - 1,0,0,0 & 1 slave
CARTER, Hezekiah - 2,2,1,4
CHASTANG, Jean - 1,0,0,0 & 8 free persons of color & 15 slaves
CONAWAY, Jesse - 2,0,1,0
DANNELLY, John - 2,2,0,1 & 5 slaves
DAVIS, Samuel - 4,3,1,2 & 2 slaves
DUNN, Cornelius - 2,3,1,1 & 10 slaves
DUPREE, Howell - 1,2,1,2
DYER, Mary - 0,2,2,2 & 12 slaves
DYESS, Dempsey - 1,0,1,1
EAGAN, Michael - 1,1,10
EILAND, Stephen - 1,0,0,0
FARR, James B. - 2,4,2,1
FLEMMINGS, Thomas - 1,1,1,1
FRIAR, John - 1,3,1,4 & 7 slaves
GAINES, Edmund P. - 1,0,1,0 & 2 slaves
GALE, Matthew - 2,0,0,0 & 16 slaves
GILLIAM, William - 1,0,1,2 & 5 slaves
GORHAM, Nancy - 1,2,1,3
GRAVES, Phillip - 1,5,1,4
GRAY, Curtis - 1,0,0, 0
GRAY, Thomas F. - 1,2,1,2
HARGRAVES, William H. - 1,1,1,0 & 2 slaves
HARRISON William M. - 1,1,1,0
HATCH, Benjamin - 1,1,1,1 & 23 slaves
HAYNESWORTH, Richard - 1,1,1,1 & 11 slaves
HELVERSON, Rachel - 0,3,2,1 & 1 slave
HIGHTOWER, Pleasant - 1,1,1,0
HINSON, John - 3,2,1,1 & 4 slaves
HODGE, Elliott - 1,0,0,0
HOLDCRAFT, John - 1,0,0,0
HOLDER, Jesse - 1,2,1,1 & 1 slave
HOLLINGER, Mary - 2,2,1,3 & 72 slaves
HOLLOWAY, William - 1,2,1,0
HOLMES, Thomas G. - 2,0,1,0 & 13 slaves
HOVEN, Benjamin - 2,6,1,4
IRVIN, Samuel - 2,0,0,0 & 23 slaves
IVY, William - 2,1,1,2
JOHNSTON, Daniel - 2,3,1,1 & 15 slaves
JOHNSTON, John - 2,4,2,1 & 20 slaves
KENNEDY, Jeptha - 1,0,0,0
KENNEDY, Joseph P. - 3,1,0,1 & 14 slaves
KIRK, Thomas - 1,1,1,0
LANE, Pierce - 1,2,1,4
LEWIS, Robert - 1,3,1,3 & 13 slaves
LOTT, Thomas - 4,10,3,3
MCDANNELL, Archibald - 1,1,1,0 & 3 slaves
MCDANNELL, John - 1,1,0,0 & 1 slave
MCDANNELL, William - 1,3,1,5
MCEWEN, Robert - 2,1,1,3
MCGOFFIN, James - 1,0,0,0
MELTON, Andrew - 3,4,2,2 & 3 slaves *is he son of Michael Milton?
MILLS, John - 1,0,0,0 & 8 slaves
MIMS, Samuel - 3,4,1,1 & 33 slaves
MITCHELL, William - 1,0,0,0 & 3 free persons of color & 5 slaves
MITCHELL, William - 1,0,0,0 & 5 free persons of color & 10 slaves
MOUNGER, Hiram - 1,1,1,2 & 2 slaves
NETTLES, William - 2,2,1,2
NORRIS, Notley - 1,1,1,1
O’NEAL, James - 1,5,1,3 & 14 slaves
PERKINS, Nicholas - 0,0,0,0 & 14 slaves
PHILLIPS, Jesse - 1,2,2,3 & 5 slaves
POLLARD, John - 3,1,1,1 & 10 slaves
POWELL, James - 1,3,1,4 & 6 slaves
POWELL, John - 1,2,1,2 & 7 slaves
RAIN, Cornelius - 1,3,1,3 & 4 slaves
RANDON, John - 2,3,2,1 & 50 slaves
REEVES, James - 2,0,0,1 & 4 slaves
REEVES, William - 1,1,0,0 & 4 slaves
ROBERTSON, John - 1,0,1,4
ROSHON, Augustin - 1,1,0,0 & 14 slaves
RYAN, Isaac - 1,3,1,3 & 4 slaves
SHAW, Neil - 1,0,0,0
SIMS, Abigail - 1,2,1,3
SIMS, William - 1,1,1,2
SLADE, Henry B. - 2,2,1,2 & 17 slaves
SMITH, Charles - 1,7,1,0
STEDHAM, Moses - 5,2,2,3 & 8 slaves
STEELE, Fanny - 1,1,1,0
STIGGINS, Joseph - 3,1,1,3 & 10 slaves
STRONG, Thomas J. - 1,1,1,1 & 13 slaves
SULLIVAN, Owen - 2,3,1,1
SULLIVAN, Thomas - 1,3,1,2 (*ancestor of WebMaster, Lisa R. Franklin)
SUTTON, John - 1,0,1,4
TAYLOR, John T. - 1,1,1,0
THOMPSON, James - 1,0,0,0
THOMPSON, Jesse - 1,0,1,0 & 1 slave
THOMPSON, Reuben - 1,4,3,0 & 11 slaves
TOULMIN, Harry - 2,2,1,3 & 7 slaves
TURNER, Noel - 3,4,1,4
TURNER, William - 1,2,3,1 & 1 slave
TURVIN, Richard - 1,1,1,2 & 7 slaves
WATSON, Anthony - 1,0,1,0 & 1 slave
WATSON, John - 1,0,0,0
WEATHERS, William - 1,0,1,0
WEEKLY, Buford - 1,4,1,0 & 2 slaves
WEEKLY, George - 1,0,1,4 & 10 slaves
WEEKLY, Joseph - 1,0,1,1
WEEKLY, Sarah - 0,2,1,2 & 6 slaves
WEEKLY, William - 1,0,1,0
WHEAT, Solomon - 1,0,1,1 & 2 slaves
WHEELER, Noel - 1,2,1,3
WHITE, Thomas - 3,2,1,3 & 14 slaves
WHITEHEAD, Benjamin - 1,0,0,0 & 5 slaves
WHITFIELD, William - 2, 0,0,0 & 4 slaves
WILLIAMS, Benjamin - 1,3,1,3
WILLIAMS, John - 1,2,1,3
WILSON, Joseph - 1,0,1,0 & 4 slaves
WITCHER, Ambrose - 1,0,0,0
WORKMAN, Richard - 2,0,1,0

1811 tax list
(not complete for all residents of county)
Thomas Adcock nothing listed
William Buford Tensaw lake and Redhill Creek
John S. Buford Redhill Creek
William H. Buford Redhill Creek
Mary Dyer Tensaw Lake
Lemuel Henry Alabama and Mobile Rivers
Lemuel Henry for Lorenzo Dow Tensaw Lake
Lemuel Henry for James Carpenter Alabama
Lemuel Henry for Richard Hainsworth Alabama
Mary Hollinger Cutoff
Andrew Milton Tensaw Lake (spelled Melton in other documents)
Patrick Mahoney Tensaw Lake
Robert McConnell Tensaw Lake
Samuel Mims Cutoff
John Randon Alabama River
William and John Pierce Cutoff, Alabama and Pine Log Creek
William Patton Sullivan Island
Mathew Rayfords Sullivan Island
Cyrus Sibley Sullivan Island
Joseph Thompson Cutoff and Holly Creek
Moses Steadham Cutoff
Benjamin Smoot as agent for Meeker, Williamson and Patton Cutoff and Nannahubba Bluff
John Taylor Nannahubba Bluff
William Turner Nannahubba Bluff
George Weekly Tensaw Lake and Cutoff

1812 Tax list Baldwin
select location only
Tensaw unless specified
William Buford
John S. Buford
William H. Buford
Lazarus J. Briars
Joseph Bates Jr
Mary Dyer
Samuel Edmunds
Michael Eagan or Eazan (Elhert)
Samuel Ervin for himself and as agent for estate of John Ervin
Lemuel Henry as agent for Lorenzo Dow
Lemuel Henry as agent for James Carpenter Bear Creek
Mary Hollinger Cut off
Kennedy and Brightwell
Samuel Mims Cut off
Andrew Milton
Benjamin Oneal Cut off
Joseph Stiggins
George Weekly Cutoff and Tensaw
Buford Weekly Cutoff
Sarah Weekly Cutoff
Ben Whitehead Cutoff

1813 taxlist Baldwin County
done December 15, 1813
Many folks don't have location. I am looking to see if they are listed from prior years, only those listed 1812 or prior will be included in this transcription

Benjamin Whitehead
Lazarus Bryers
Margaret Weekley (? widow of George), others are his family listed before
Richard Turvin Nanahubba
new person George Tucker Steel (Pyburn formerly) Creek, to east of Tensaw lake
Benjamin Smoot for Meeker, Williamson and Patton New Orleans Nanahubba
Cyrus Sibley Sullivan Island
George Stiggins Tensaw Lake
John Powell none
William Sims
Moses Steadham Sr. nanahubba plane and Steadham Lake
William and John Pierce nanahubba Plane
William Milton Tensaw Lake
Samuel Mims Jr.
Samuel Mims Sr (? deceased by then) Nanahubba plane and Island
Mary Hollinger Nanahubba Island
Alexander Hollinger
John Haines Sullivan Island
Jeptha Kennedy Sullivan Island (Joshua)
Richard Hainsworth
Mary Dyer Tensaw (dead by then)
Lorenzo Dow tensaw lake

1813 Voters Baldwin County from trackingyourroots
BALDWIN, Benjamin BATES, Joseph Jr. BATES, Joseph Sr. BATES, Thomas Jr. BATES, Thomas Sr. CAMPBEL, Peter CARMAN, Wilson CARSON, Joseph CARSON, Thomas CASH, John CHRISTY, Cary DENLEY, John DUNN, Thomas DUPREE, Howell ERVIN, Samuel FOSTER, James GARDNER, James GRAVES, Philip GULLET, George HINSON, John HOLLINGER, Alexander HOOVEN, Benjamin JOHNSTON, Daniel JOHNSTON, James JOHNSTON, John Sr. JOHNSTON, Joseph KENEDY, Jeptha KITE, Stephen LEWIS, Robert MCDONALD, John MICKLES, Peter MILLER, Samuel MIMS, Joseph MIMS, Samuel Jr. MIMS, Samuel Sr. MOUNGAR, Hiram ONEAL, Benjamin PIERCE, William RAIN, Cornelius SLADE, Henry B. SPILMAN, Armsted STRONG, Thomas J. WALKER, Wiseman WHEAT, Solomon

1814 Tax list Baldwin (partial) (my index)
Samuel Ervin
Estate of John Ervin
Estate of Augustine Rochon
Estate of Joseph Bates Sr
Richard Turvin
Estate of Patrick Donnely
James Carpenter
Lorenzo Dow
William Buford

1816 Census Baldwin County, Alabama from trackingyourroots
ANDRA, Maximilian - 1,0,0,0 & 18 free persons of color & 23 slaves
ARON, Samuel - 1,1,1,0
BALDWIN, Mordica - 1,1,2,4 & 5 slaves
BATES, Joseph - 1,3,1,1 & 10 slaves
BATES, Mrs. E. - 2,0,1,2 & 4 slaves
BATES, Thomas - 1,2,1,5 & 1 free person of color &13 slaves
BATES, William - 1,0,1,1 & 9 slaves
BEARD, henery - 4,1,1,2 & 1 slave
BRIARS, l. - 2,4,0,0 & 2 slaves
BUFORD, John - 1,4,1,1 & 3 slaves
BURNS, Thomas - 1,2,1,0 & 6 slaves
CARNEY, Josiah - 3,1,2,4 & 29 slaves
CARSON, Mrs. Jane - 2,2,1,1 & 7 slaves
CARTER, H. - 1,2,1,4
CHASTANG, E. - 0,0,0,0 & 2 free persons of color & 1 slave
CHASTANG, Louisa - 1,0,0,0 & 8 free persons of color & 13 slaves
CHASTANG, Zeno - 0,0,0,0 & 4 free persons of color & 1 slave
CHRISTAIN, Cary - 1,0,1,2
DUNHAM, Mrs. H. - 0,4,1,1 & 17 slaves
DUNHAM, R.C. - 1,1,1,1 & 3 slaves
DUNN, Mrs. S. - 0,1,1,1 & 8 slaves
DUPREE, Howell - 1,3,1,1 & 4 slaves
DURETTE, Nanette - 0,0,0,0 & 5 free persons of color & 14 slaves
EADES, John - 1,1,1,1 & 7 slaves
ETHREDGE, James - 1,1,2,2 & 2 slaves
FAIR, Mrs. E. - 0,6,2,0 & 2 slaves
FEE, Samuel - 2,3,0,1 & 16 slaves
FOSTER, Arther - 1,4,0,3 & 10 slaves
GARNER, Arther - 1,1,0,1 & 1 slave
GRAVES, Phillip - 3,3,1,6
GULLET, George - 2,0,0,1 & 14 slaves
HARVELL, Robert - 2,1,1,2 & 21 slaves
HINSON, John - 2,2,1,0 & 7 slaves
HOLDEN, J. - 1,4,1,4
HOLLINGER, A. - 1,0,1,0 & 1 free person of color & 13 slaves
HOLLINGER, Mary - 2,2,1,5 & 2 free persons of color & 71 slaves
JINKINS, James - 1,0,1,2 & 4 slaves
JINKINS, John - 1,3,2,4 & 3 slaves
JOHNSON, Daniel - 3,3,1,2 & 17 slaves
JOHNSON, Isaac - 1,1,0,2 & 2 slaves
JOHNSON, John - 2,0,1,1 & 27 slaves
JOHNSON, Joseph - 1,0,1,0 & 6 slaves
KENADA, Jeptha - 1,0,1,1 & 4slaves
KILLCREAS, Robert - 1,1,1,1 & 3 slaves
LACKLIN, William - 1,1,1,1 & 2 slaves
LEWIS, Mrs. P. - 0,2,1,1 & 3 slaves
LEWIS, Robert - 3,0,1,0 & 14 slaves
LOVE, Samuel - 2,0,0,0 & 5 slaves
MACK, Phillip - 1,0,0,0 & 4 slaves
MAHONEY, Patrick - 1,0,0,0 & 5 slaves
MCCONNEL, James - 2,2,1,4
MCDANAL, A. - 1,0,0,0 & 2 slaves
MCDANAL, John - 2,0,1,1 & 3 slaves
MCDANAL, William - 1,2,2,4
MCGASKEY, John - 1,2,2,2 & 10 slaves
MIMS, Joseph - 2,1,1,1 & 9 slaves
MIMS, Mrs. H. - 3,2,1,1 & 31 slaves
MUNGER, Hiram - 3,3,1,1 & 3 slaves
O'NEAL, Mrs. E. - 2,2,1,3 & 11 slaves
PERRY, William - 1,1,1,1
PIERCE, W. - 2,0,0,0 & 13 slaves
POWELL, James - 1,5,1,4& 16 slaves
POWELL, John - 2,2,0,4 & 8 slaves
RAIN, Cornelius - 1,4,1,3 & 7 slaves
RIALS, A. - 1,0,1,2 & 1 slave
ROBERTSON, John - 1,0,1,2
SLADE, Henery B. - 2,3,1,3 & 25 slaves
STEADAM, Benjamin - 2,0,1,0 & 7 slaves
STRONG, T.J.- 3,1,1,1 & 14 slaves
SULEVENT, Mrs. - 2,2,2,2
HELVERSON, Rachel - 0,2,1,0, & 1 slave
THOMAS, William - 1,2,1,1 & 2 slaves
TOULMIN, Harry - 1,5,2,4 & 24 slaves
TROUILETTE, P.L. - 2,0,0,0 & 40 slaves
WEAKLEY, B. - 1,3,1,1 & 1 free person of color & 2 slaves
WEAKLEY, Mrs. M. - 0,0,1,5 & 12 slaves
WHEAT, Joseph - 1,1,1,0 & 1 slave
WHEAT, Solomon - 1,0,1,2 & 6 slaves

Family relationships of Tensaw Settlement

James Innearity had one, and likely two children with Mary Pyburn, Teresa born about 1805 and Jaime or James born 1807-1808.

Cyrus and Origin Sibley were brothers and came 1808 to the area.

James McGrew Sr. a son in law was Julian D'Castro

Daniel Johnston was married to Elizabeth Linder, daughter of John Linder

William E., Joseph P and Jeptha/Joshua Kennedy were brothers. (wills) William E. Kennedy married Marie Eusophine Dolive and Joshua married Sarah Kitchens (fathers Dominique Dolive and Samuel kitchens)

Theophilus Powell is a brother of Thomas Powell. Theophilus Powell's wife was Margaret Dyer.

William Powell (died 1796) wife was Elizabeth. He had a daughter Martha who was married to a Bates (Joseph Bates Sr. I believe). Sons also in will were James Powell, John Powell and Elijah Powell. Unclear that either Thomas or Theophilus were relatives. Martha Bates is listed after the Creek War in documents.

Robert Kilcrease (Kilchrist) wife was Ann Clark Thompson. Daughter Sarah married Aaron Barlow.

Charles Hall Sr. wife is Auriela Dupree per online. His daughter Sarah married Thomas Hudson and William Mills. His son Charles Jr. married Anne and Mary Byrne. His daughter Mary Hall is said to have married Lachlan Durant.

Gerald Byrne. His daughter Margaret Byrne married a William Mcvoy, they move to Florida (Escambia or Santa Rosa area). His son Thomas Byrne married Hannah Dunn. His other two daughters married Charles Hall Jr.

Cornelius McCurtain had two wives. The first was Marie Frances Lefleur, the second was Eusophine Pomponne Bausage, she later married Diego McVoy.

Louisa Durant, daughter of Ben Durant and Sophia McGillvray married Sefroy Dolive.

David, James and John Randon were half breed Creeks, the sons of Peter Randon and a Creek woman of the Cotchulgee (Hawkins letters). David Randon and his wife Suckey are mentioned in letters from the Creek nation. Thomas G. Holmes, Fort Mim's survivor (married Elizabeth Weakley), was the father in law of John Randon (Rosa Ann Holmes). John and his brothers went to the Creek nation with Dr. Holmes in 1785, with some of their father's properties, the other being in the property of Francis Paris. Jacob Townshend, later murdered, was also mentioned by John Randon in 1797 complaint.

Fievre/Favre and Rochons
Marie Louisa Fievre (Favre) was the mother of Louis Augustin Rochon. Narciso Broutin was either her grandson or son in law. Louisa Rochon is also granted land in the area. Another daughter, Celeste married Simon Favre, and another named Constance was the wife of John Joyce.

Valentine Dubroca married Marie Martha Fievre (Favre) From the internet here is there family.
to Louis Valentin Dubroca, (1734-1799), a native of Bordeaux, France, who was 
appointed in the 1750s as the "Garde Magasin du Roi" (storekeeper) at Ft. 
Tombecbe, north of Mobile. In 1764, as a result of the French and Indian War, 
he is shown as turning the fort's stores over to the English. Afterwards he 
became a large landholder and distinguished citizen under the British and, 
later, the Spanish regimes. In 1759 he married Marie Marthe Fievre, whose 
father, Etienne Fievre, was a carpenter in early Mobile. Louis and Marthe had 
ten children - Marie Marthe, Valentin, Louis Joseph, Francois, Bernard Maurice, 
Rose, Eugene, Jean Baptiste, Maximillian, and Hilaire; all but Bernard Maurice 
became established in the vicinity of Mobile
Isabelle Narbone was the wife of Joseph Campbell, Peter Troillett and had a child with John Forbes. Her mother was Marie Anne Krebs. Her daughter Heloise Isabelle was the wife of James Innearity.
According to online genealogy, Alexis Troillett was the illegitmate mulatto son of Pierre/Peter Troilett.
Peter Troillet was a son of Marguerite Rochon.

The Rochon family come from Charles Rochon and Henriette Colon. Her brother Henri Colon (Collin) was also in mobile. Marguerite Rochon Troillett was the Aunt of Marie Louisa Favre's husband also named Augustine Rochon (Sr).

The Favre's, Jean and Etienne were early settlers. Marie Martha and Marie Louisa Fievre are both the children of Etienne (Steven) Fievre (I think it's Favre) and his wife was Marie Grise.

Creole relationships
Augustin Rochon
Joseph Chastang, brother of John Chastang
Alexander Boudin
Daniel Juzan (later)
Simon Favre (Simon married a sister of Augustine Rochon)
Augustin Collins
Sylvester Dubroca
Hiliarie Dubroca
Augustin Miguel

Victims of Fort Mims and/ or the Creek War

Fort Mim's massacre, Harry Toulmin's letter 1813
About 100 noncommissioned officers and privates of Mississippi Territory Volunteers, about 24 families, 160 souls. Among those 6 mixed blood families and 7 indians, almost all who perished. About 100 slaves, most of whom died.247 bodies buried.
Escaped massacre
Peter Randon, Thomas G. Holmes, Hester, Socca, Josiah Fletcher, Sgt Mathews, Mathew Rigdin, Samuel Smith, _ Morrice and Joseph Perry, John Hoven, _ Jones and W. R. Chamberlain

American State papers, indian affairs vol 4 part 2 1832
Creek Agency Sept 16, 1813
A slave what escaped gave names of those killed. Among them, McGirth, Jones, mcCarty, Sam Smith, Dixon Bailey and his two brothers, Mims and his family, Capt Melton, John Randall (Randon) and all his family except Peter Durant and one of his daughters, all killed. Many of dead he didn't know. McGirth's and Jones' wife and children except one of Mcgirth's children who was killed were taken. Another letter names the child as Vicy Randall (Randon) who was with Peter Durant  and was not in the fort.

This is my list compiled from folks who disappear between 1812-1813 and aren't on tax list of 1814 and from sources such as Halbert, etc.

Joseph Stiggins died prior to the massacre. His wife was likely killed there.
Mary Dyer
Thomas Adcock (listed through 1812 as resident) and his wife, daughter of Reuben and Mary, his daughter is a survivor
George Weekly (listed as survivor with family killed, however, he is not shown in 1813 tax list)
Benjamin Hoven
William Buford or William H. Buford (William Buford listed in 1814)
Frances Steele Possible, sold land so no longer on tax list, last in 1810 record
Samuel Mims, wife Hannah and son David survived
Jacob Pyburn Jr. (son enlisted after massacre). Signed will in 1812 for Joseph Stiggins, in no other records after this
Benjamin Oneal (widow on 1814 taxlist)
Joseph Thompson
Robert McConnell
Jeremiah Phillips
John Randon and his wife
Joseph Bates Sr. and Thomas Bates Sr
Dixon Bailey and his brothers
Augustine Rochon (possibly)
Moses Steadham Sr. (missing in 1814, possible)
Samuel Edmunds (missing after 1812)
Michael Elhert (missing after 1812)
Andrew Melton (missing after 1812) was soldier at Fort
William Milton (missing after 1813)
Carson (widow on 1814)
Patsy Lewis is administrator for ? (possible)
W. Walker (estate in 1814) (Wiseman)
John Powell
Richard Barrow

Below is a list as published on the Web. My notes are next to it. NOTE, I do not have a list of soldiers who were at the fort, so I am unable to confirm them as victims. I have put in bold the names I agree where among the dead.

The following list was complied by Mr. David P. Mason and is excerpted from "Fort Mims and The Tensaw Settlement", by Dess L. and Tom Sangster, 1988. The booklet may be purchased from Coffeetable Publications, PO Box 884, Bay Minette, AL 36507. 

NOTICE: Some researchers have disputed the accuracy of this list as it pertains to the Bryars and Hadley familes. Fort additional inofrmation please contact John Dean

Adcock (agree)
Allen (no Allen's on tax list prior to war)
Barlow ( Susan Marlow is named as a friendly Creek, not sure that any of the Barlows died. It is possible some Barrow's died)
Bates (Joseph Bates Sr and Thomas Bates estates in 1814)
Benjamin (none on tax list prior to war)
Beckum (none on tax list prior to war)
Bennet (none on tax list prior to war)
Bonner (none on tax list prior to war)
Bradley (none on tax list prior to war)
Breed (none on tax list prior to war)
Bryars (Lazarus shows up in December 1813 and 1814, disagree)
Buford (William or William H. is missing after 1813)
Byrd (none on tax list prior to war)
Campbell (Peter Campbell before War
Capel (none on tax list prior to war)
Carson (on 1814 tax list is a widow and a Thomas)
Cato (none on tax list prior to war)
Chatham (none on tax list prior to war)
Clark (none on tax list prior to war)
Cobb (none on tax list prior to war)
Connell (probably McConnell, agree)
Coppedge (none on tax list prior to war)
Crossman (none on tax list prior to war)
Curry (none on tax list prior to war)
Dale (none on tax list prior to war)
Daniel (none on tax list prior to war)
Darling (he is on 1814 taxlist, disagree)
Davenport (disagree, on 1814 taxlist)
David (none on tax list prior to war)
Davis (none on tax list prior to war)
Devereau (none on tax list prior to war)
Dennis (none on tax list prior to war)
Dewitt (none on tax list prior to war)
Dismukes (none on tax list prior to war)
Dixon (none on tax list prior to war)
Dubose (none on tax list prior to war)
Durant (probably, they were mixed bloods and not listed on tax lists)
Dunn (Sarah Dunn was widow of Cornelius, and shows up after, his son Thomas was in Militia and likely died during the war)
Dywer (This is Dyer, and Mary Dyer did die during war
Earle (none on tax list prior to war)
Edmunds (none on tax list prior to war)
Ellis (none on tax list prior to war)
Espy (none on tax list prior to war)
Fields (none on tax list prior to war)
Fleming (none on tax list prior to war)
Fletcher (family of Josiah could have died, he is a survivor)
Frazer (none on tax list prior to war)
Ferguson (none on tax list prior to war)
Gasque (none on tax list prior to war)
Gates (none on tax list prior to war)
Gayle (Mathew on tax list prior and after, disagree)
Glenn (none on tax list prior to war)
Goolsby (none on tax list prior to war)
Granade (none on tax list prior to war)
Green (none on tax list prior to war)
Hadley (none on tax list prior to war)
hall (none on tax list prior to war)
Haley (none on tax list prior to war)
Hammand (none on tax list prior to war)
harris (none on tax list prior to war)
Hart (none on tax list prior to war)
hays (none on tax list prior to war)
Holmes (none on tax list prior to war)
Hollinger (all of the Hollinger's survived that we know of, none died)
Howell (none on tax list prior to war)
James (none on tax list prior to war)
Jernigan (none on tax list prior to war)
Joiner (none on tax list prior to war)
Jones (none on tax list prior to war)
Kelly (none on tax list prior to war)
Kennedy (disagree, Joseph P isn't on 1814 tax list, but he left a will as did both his brothers post Creek war)
Kimbrough (none on tax list prior to war)
King (none on tax list prior to war)
Lancaster (none on tax list prior to war)
Langston (none on tax list prior to war)
Lee (none on tax list prior to war)
Leslie (none on tax list prior to war)
Lindsey (none on tax list prior to war)
Lipscomb (none on tax list prior to war)
Little (none on tax list prior to war)
Loper (none on tax list prior to war)
Martin (none on tax list prior to war)
Matthew (none on tax list prior to war)
Meek (none on tax list prior to war)
Miles (none on tax list prior to war)
Middleton (none on tax list prior to war)
Milstead (none on tax list prior to war)
Mims (agree)
Mizel (none on tax list prior to war)
Monger (Hiram Mounger on tax list 1814 and prior, disagree)
Murphy (none on tax list prior to war)
Myles (none on tax list prior to war)
McCall (none on tax list prior to war)
Mcconnell (agree)
McGee possible
Mcdonald (the male McDonalds are still on taxlist, so if any where killed would have to be female)
Mcintosh possible
McMillan (none on tax list prior to war)
McNeal (none on tax list prior to war) there were Oneal
Nelson (none on tax list prior to war)
Newman (none on tax list prior to war Thomas listed 1814)
Owen (none on tax list prior to war)
Page (none on tax list prior to war)
Perkins (Nicholas Perkins on tax list prior to war)
Perry (William Perry on tax list prior to war)
Perrymand (none on tax list prior to war)
Phillips Jeremiah Phillips did die
Pierce (Unclear since both William and John are still on tax list and in deeds after war, disagree)
Pollard John Pollard on prior
Powell (on tax lists in 1814 is Theopolis administrator)
Raines (Cornelius on prior. I believe he died before war, and his heirs are questionably victims, I believe they survived and are listed in 1820)
Randon (agree)
Richbourg (none on tax list prior to war)
Rhodes (none on tax list prior to war)
Riley (none on tax list prior to war)
Reuben (none on tax list prior to war)
Robinson (none on tax list prior to war)
Richardson (none on tax list prior to war)
Scott (none on tax list prior to war)
Simmons (none on tax list prior to war)
Simms William Sims on prior
Salde Slade? A Henry B. Slade on prior and after doubtful
Slay (none on tax list prior to war)
Senegochee possible wouldnt be on tax list
Sizemore Possible wouldn't be on tax lists
Smith (none on tax list prior to war)
Spivey (none on tax list prior to war)
Stiggins (agree)
Sumlin (none on tax list prior to war)
Shamburgur (none on tax list prior to war)
Tanner (none on tax list prior to war)
Turvin (supposedly William Turvin and his wife died during war, but William died 1810, and the land the heirs went after was for his land purchased. It is in same group of claims as a friendly creek presentation to the congress, and I think folks got confused).
Taylor (John Taylor on prior)
Terry (none on tax list prior to war)
Thigpin (none on tax list prior to war)
Slaughter (none on tax list prior to war)
Thompson (none on tax list prior to war)
Tryer (none on tax list prior to war)
Tucker (none on tax list prior to war)
Weekley (George disappears and a Margaret appears after war)
Womack (none on tax list prior to war)
Whitehead on tax list 1814
Williams (none on tax list prior to war)
Wood (none on tax list prior to war)
Worsham (none on tax list prior to war)
Wright (none on tax list prior to war)
Young (none on tax list prior to war)