This and That
Pushmataha A Choctaw Leader and His people, Gideon Linceucum with an introduction by Greg O’Brien, The University of Alabama Press, 2004. p. 96
General Hlikooohlo (Hummingbird)
Captain Nashobanowa (walking wolf)
Peachlichiskitinia (Little Leader) (Should be Hopaii Iskitinis)
Mushulatubbe’s mouthpiece Eyahoatubi
p. 100 says Pushmataha born 2 miles above Macon on Noxunnubbee on East Bank (personally think this is rubbish)
American State Papers, Indian Affairs Volume one..
Treaty of 1801
Oak Chume “Uncle great chief recently died” , (Franchimastubbee had died, so had Taboca?)…Of Western Division (upper towns)
Tuskona Hopaii (lower towns)
Toote Homa (lower towns)
Mingo Poos Coos of Chickasaw half town (also Kunsha)
Puck Shum Ubbee of Upper towns (Apuck shun Nubbee)
Elautauholoo homma No district
Buckshunubbee “old factor” next day, IS THIS APUCK???
Mingo Homo Mastubby
Hoche Homo (Haschi Homa?)… was at Hopewell
Shappa Homa ? was at 1792/3
1792 American Treaty
Great medal chiefs
Ileopoenautlau (Shot in the mouth)
Itlehomomastubbe (Red wood)
Small Medal Chiefs
Chillashoemastubbee (Red Shoes)
Oaklateloemastimastubbee (Oklataloma Imastubbee?)
George James, son of Ben
Uskonopoaih, the old chief
The Choctaw before Removal, (Essays) Edited by Carolyn Fuller Reeves, University Press of Mississippi, 1985
Patricia Galloway, the civil war 1746-1750 chapter 6
Destroyed villages 1751, Kunsha Chitto, Nushkobo ? and West Abeka
French.,.. “local staf”
Tisho Mingo…master of ceremonies
Soulouche oumastabe (red shoe killer) sometimes seen as Mingo Ouma
Hopaii Mingo, and variations, Prophet chief, (pahemingo, Paemingo, opayemingo)
Fani Mingo, seen so frequently must be titile
Red and white leaders likely moieties
Western with alliances externally with the Chakchiuma and Chickasaw, Eastern with the Alabama, and the Six towns, including Chickasawhay and Yowani, possibly with the small coastal tribes and Choctaw related tribes of the Mobile River.
No evidence moieties weren’t equally distributed, but in at least the war, the leading men of the eastern and western divisions were members of opposite moeties. (Supposed to be scattered throughout, no explanation on why this is).
By 1732 there are five great medal chiefs, and later refer to 6. At start of civil war, the medals were held by an Eastern Chief, Western Chief, Kunsha Chief, Chickasawhay Chief with authority over 6 towns, a Supreme Chief( created and ineffectual) and War chief (actual position within the tribe). Blood revenge had always been external, never internal until this war.
French pressed Choctaw into war 1729 when Natchez killed entire fort, then again in 1736 and in 1739-1740…
French had missionary post near the southern border in 1728 and Fort Tombecbe as a supply base in 1736.
French saw Choctaws ties with Britain as a threat, but they never had a good “supply” of goods, the British, too far to do sole trade saw this as a way to annoy the French.
Chickasaws were involved as well..
Red Shoes…note “the red shoes’ was living in Kunsha chitto…presumably served as speaker for the supreme chief. 1731 became known, he was solidly aligned with the English. Faction consisted of members of his family or race, (?moety)), which included the red shoes of Cushtusha Village. He was in western division, he would attack the Chickasaw to get French presents, then treat with them to get English presents.
Alibamon Mingo, of Kunsha was allied with the French mainly after 1736., He was Inhunlataha whereas Red Shoes was Imoklasha…
Another chief, died in 1746 was Chooucoulacta , War chief of Choctaw Nation in 1739, o f Inhunlatah moiety , had more weight than either of the other two, controlled 10 villages near Fort Tombecbe, and was closely allied until his death with Alibamon Mingo.
An Ally of Red shoes was Mougoulasha Mingo of Chickashaway with authority over six towns, obtained about 1741, resented French. Was of Imoklasha moety.
1743 French want Choctaw to war with Chickasaw as the latter won’t force English out…
Request Choucouloulacta and Toupaoumastabe (war chief of Kunsha and brother to Alibamon Mingo)
July 20 Red shoes had killed some Chikcasaws, but then at Yanabe persuades the village to seek English trade. Sent an embassy of his son in law and two brothers in law (possibly one Mongloulacha Mingo) to negotiate with the Chieckasaws.
At Oni village full support of Alibamon Mingo was secured…Chickasaws addressed Choctaws in August at Boktuklo chitto, only opposition was Oni and Kunsha villages.
September French sent goods to Kunsha Chitto, Kunsha, Yazoo and Boktuklo Chitto. Alibamon Mingo’s subchiefs were Tooupaoumastabe and offemeko, Red Shoews brouthe was Tatoulimataha of Little Wood.
By October two English traders were killed, and two Frenchmen were accused of rape. In December, a Choctaw woman from Cushtusha and Imayatabes nephew came to trade with the Chickasaw a (for English goods) and free Choctaw prisoners. In 1746 medals/presents in Mobile, Redshoe and Mongoulacha Mingo did not appear. Redshoes sent Imataha Pouschouche, his “brother to the English…that April…
Redshoes needed Chickasaw peace to have English trade, and he had lost his French medal. Choucoulacta was raiding the Chickasaws still (* guess he wasn’t dead yet). So Redshoes decided with Apekimataha of West Abeka and Opayechitto of Immongoulacha to kill three French men… Petit, Replinque, and De Verbois. The French demanded three Choctaws be killed in exchange for the French traders. *** up till this time this had NEVER been a thing to be done inside the Choctaw nation only externally***
October 1745… meeting of the Mingos
Mongoulacha Mingo, anti French (believed French were going to give his medal toe a Red chief (other moety)…
Captain of Immongoulaca and the taskanancouchi of Yowani were pro French
Mingo Ouma urged Choctaw resolve this them selves…
Abihka rejected an alliance with Red Shoes…
Alibamon Mingo urged they follow French demands,
Toupaiumastabe and Ouikanabe Mingo, also from Kunsha argued that this should be done by the Western division.
Taskanangouchi of Blue Wood (** which village is this) urged deliberation
Taskanangouchi of yazoo supported Alibamon Mingo who had taken over the Eastern division
Chief of Yello canes and Nachoubaoeynya were pro French
Chief of Tala, Mingo Ouma of Nachobaoenya, Imataha Pouscouche fanimingo Tchaa of Senechaand the chiefs of Buktoolooctsi and Toussana and Pushimatha of Toussana argued that taking the side of the French meant a civil war. …the last Pushumatha of Toussana stated six towns would not join in a vcivil war but would fight the Chickasaw.
French recognized supreme chief was from Oulitacha in eastern division, he along with a Chief of chichatalaya and Imataha Mingo of Ibitoupougoula were pro French. Imatha Mingo did oppose civil war.
Paemingo of Cushtusha while trading at fort said he would kill Redshoes along with Taskaoumingo of bokfucka, Pushumataha of Toussana, Illetaska of Immongoulasha, and Tatoulimataha of Little Wood, Red shoe’s “elder brother”
Hmm…Tatoulimataha said he couldn’t kill redshoes because of such a close relation, and it should be done by the Abihka or Talapoosa…?
???..sounds like they still considered them “non Choctaw” though the Abeka villages were in the nation….also mentioned an Alabaman chief whose son was the nephew of a choctaw…confusing…
From Choctaws in a Revolutionary age Dr. Greg O'brien
Mingo Pus Coos..nephew Nanoulamatabe (Nahullo Mastabbee)…
Sons of Taboca..Taniahuma, Onon Chaabe and Tasca Humasto…
Also another nephew was Stonahoma…
Oakchume was somehow a relative of Taboca or Franchimastubbee, mentions “great chief just dying” Taboca’s absence in records suggests he died by 1801.